Any specifications on the HTTP API / cbor message?

Hello

I am currently experimenting dfx by building a golang app that would interact with the rest api of dfx.

I have some issue as I am not sure how to encode the arg of the dfinity transaction

I have a structure


type DFNMsg struct {
	CanisterID  uint64 `codec:"canister_id"` // big.Int
	RequestType string `codec:"request_type"`
	MethodName  string `codec:"method_name"`
	Arg         []byte `codec:"arg"`
	Nonce    []byte `codec:"nonce"`
}

And a Motoko actor

// File        : main.mo
// Description : Storage List.
// Maintainer  : Alex Manelis <alexm@55foundry.com> & David P <dphan@55foundry.com>
// Stability   : Experimental

import List "mo:stdlib/list.mo";
import Option "mo:stdlib/option.mo";

type List<T> = List.List<T>;

//
// StorageList ...
// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
class StorageList() {
	private var list : List<Text> = List.nil<Text>();

	public func get(ndx : Nat) : Text {
		return Option.unwrap<Text>(List.nth<Text>(list, ndx));
	};

	public func set(val : Text) : Nat {
		list := List.push<Text>(val, list);
		return List.len<Text>(list);
	};

	public func len() : Nat {
		return List.len<Text>(list);
	};
};

// Actor / Public CLI interface
// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
actor TwitActor {
	var sList : StorageList = StorageList();
	
	public func slGet(val : Nat) : async Text {
		return sList.get(val);
	};

	public func slAppend(val : Text) : async Nat {
		return sList.set(val);
	};

	public func sLen() : async Nat {
		return sList.len();
	};
};

I’d like to call slAppend

Here is my golang code:

package main

import (
	"bytes"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/ugorji/go/codec"
	"io/ioutil"
	"log"

	//"math/big"
	"math/rand"
	"net/http"
)

type DFNMsg struct {
	CanisterID  uint64 `codec:"canister_id"` // big.Int
	RequestType string `codec:"request_type"`
	MethodName  string `codec:"method_name"`
	Arg         []byte `codec:"arg"`
	Nonce       []byte `codec:"nonce"`
}

func randNonce() []byte {
	tok := make([]byte, 32)
	rand.Read(tok)
	return tok
}

func main() {
	log.Println("starting main...")
	canisterID := uint64(14257677763023343915) // TODO: read from _canister.id
	host := "127.0.0.1"
	port := 8000

	var ch codec.CborHandle
	var b []byte

	enc := codec.NewEncoderBytes(&b, &ch)

	submitMessage := DFNMsg{
		CanisterID:  canisterID,
		RequestType: "call",
		MethodName:  "slAppend",
		Arg:         []byte{0x42, 0x24, 0x42, 0x24, 0x42, 0x24},
		Nonce:       randNonce(),
	}

	err := enc.Encode(submitMessage)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalln("error encoding submitMessage", err)
	}

	req, err := http.NewRequest("POST", fmt.Sprintf("http://%s:%d/api/v1/submit", host, port), bytes.NewBuffer(b))
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalln("error creating request ", err)

	}
	req.Header.Add("Content-Type", "application/cbor")
	req.Header.Add("Content-Length", string(len(b)))

	client := &http.Client{}
	resp, err := client.Do(req)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalln("error while sending request ", err)
	}

	bodyBytes, err := ioutil.ReadAll(resp.Body)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	bodyString := string(bodyBytes)

	if resp.StatusCode != 202 {
		log.Fatalln("resp status code not 202 ", resp.StatusCode, bodyString)
	}

	log.Println("Resp body:", bodyString)

	//simpleMessage := DFNMsg{
	//	CanisterID:  canisterID,
	//	RequestType: "query",
	//	MethodName:  "sLen",
	//	Arg:         []byte{},
	//	Nonce:       randNonce(),
	//}
	//
	//err = enc.Encode(simpleMessage)
	//if err != nil {
	//	log.Fatalln("error encoding simpleMessage", err)
	//}
	//log.Println("encoded simpleMessage: ", b)
	//
	//req, err = http.NewRequest("POST", fmt.Sprintf("http://%s:%d/api/v1/read", host, port), bytes.NewBuffer(b))
	//if err != nil {
	//	log.Fatalln("error creating request ", err)
	//
	//}
	//req.Header.Add("Content-Type", "application/cbor")
	//req.Header.Add("Content-Length", string(len(b)))
	//
	//resp, err = client.Do(req)
	//if err != nil {
	//	log.Fatalln("error while sending request ", err)
	//}
	//
	//bodyBytes, err = ioutil.ReadAll(resp.Body)
	//if err != nil {
	//	log.Fatal(err)
	//}
	//bodyString = string(bodyBytes)
	//
	//if resp.StatusCode != 200 {
	//	log.Fatalln("resp status code not 200 ", resp.StatusCode, bodyString)
	//}
	//
	//log.Println("Resp body: %s", bodyString)
}

the dfx terminal logs an error

  Dec 02 20:40:42.555 INFO Message execution failed: Err(UserError { code: CanisterCalledTrap, description: "Canister 14257677763023343915 trapped explicitly: IDL error: missing magic bytes" }), resetting the executor, canister_id: 14257677763023343915

Any specs on these magic bytes?

4 Likes

Hi David,

We don’t (yet) officially support other languages or making custom calls to the client, but I can let you in on a secret bit; the IDL (the argument encoding) is normally prefixed by DIDL as the magic bits. The encoding is not yet ready to open source, so if you want to pass in data you’d have to reverse engineer it yourself. In the meantime, an empty field should be encoded as DIDL\0\0. Your Motoko code will not get any arguments.

Hope this helps!

8 Likes

Thank you, it does help :slight_smile:

1 Like